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Filmmaking: It’s a Film School for Young Talents.

There’s a new film school in town! If you love cinema above all else, you now have a school where you can indulge your passion. Our film school for young talents accepts students aged between 10 and 21. And you no longer need to live in Alicante, Elche, or we also have online classes.
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The art of acting and its significance.

In the history of acting, the first known actor is the Greek Thespis, who performed at the Theatre of Dionysus in Athens in the year 534 BC. From its inception, acting has been used to embody and characterize characters, with selection based on a casting process to see how actors perform a certain role. Much of the outcome of the final product depends on the acting. Therefore, it is very important to avoid what is known as casting errors, meaning that selected actors are mismatched with the roles they play, although sometimes this occurs consciously by the production company who imposes certain actors. Additionally, when acting, one must consider the interpretive differences across different mediums. For example, in theater, everything is seen from the front, so the voice must be modulated and gestures exaggerated, whereas in a film shoot, this would be avoided.

What should be taken into account when acting?

Key considerations in acting include:

  • Suitability of appearance for the role
  • All actions (proxemics, kinesics, movements on set, etc.)
  • Facial expressions
  • Interaction with other actors and/or objects
  • Credibility of the performance
  • Preparatory work (knowledge of the script)
  • Tone of voice
  • Impression on the audience or viewer

Acting, therefore, should be based on:

  • The versatility of the actors
  • Conveying emotions
  • Expressiveness
  • The use of facial expressions

Another noteworthy element in acting is photogenicity, which is defined as the ability to know how to position oneself in front of the cameras. Lastly, a good actor should have a good relationship with the entire team, as well as maintaining a dialogue with the director and camera crew to agree on floor marks. If you want to learn much more about acting, don’t hesitate to take a look at our course!

Post-production: editing.

When the Lumière Brothers first projected “Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory” on December 28, 1895, they were not aware that they had just begun a new art form, let alone the birth of an industry that would move masses, as for them it was simply a technological advancement that would remain for scientific research, and they never even thought about editing. From its inception, cinema was something entirely astonishing because at that time no one had previously seen a moving image, achieving from the beginning a global expansion, based on the simple recording and projection of fragments, known as “actualities”. However, it did not take long for filmmakers to realize the great expressive potential that cinema has, not only through different shots or special effects, but also through editing and montage. This was born at the hands of Edwin S. Porter in the year 1900, when he realized that by alternating shots of actions, he created tension and dramatization in the viewer. Thus, editing evolved until today, becoming another cinematographic phase, and one that needs to be considered from both the script and the filming process. This cinematographic phase consists of three main operations: selection, combination, and assembly; these three operations aim to achieve, from separate elements at the outset, a whole, which is the film. Editing reconstructs both the time and space of filming, providing continuity.

Stages of Editing

We talk about different stages:

  • Editor’s cut: This initial edit is longer, as it stems from the conjunction of the “rough cuts” that have been made daily.
  • Director’s cut: The editor and producer spend weeks pre-editing the film based on the first version, identifying flaws.
  • Producer’s cut: The producer has more authority than the director to approve the final version, which is why directors sometimes detach themselves from the final product.
  • Final version.

Transitions

When we edit, we use a series of transitions, each with different connotations. We can see them according to the most commonly used:

  • Cut: the first to appear. It maintains the timeline, but the term is now modernizing to signify the passage of time.
  • Fade: implies a passage of time. It’s designed to be noticed by the viewer. If the fade is longer, it plays more with the effect.
  • Wipe: based on the cutting of the frame. It eliminates what’s there and reveals what remains; at some point, both planes are visible at the same time. They were widely used in the 1960s.
  • Action Wipe: no longer in use.
  • Fade to black: disconnects sequences, establishes a sign of separation, as if it were a new paragraph. Its use in the middle of the film signifies a significant passage of time.
  • Fade to white: usually used when there’s a glare.
  • Blur: suggests a return to the past or flashback.
  • Swipe: a very long panorama often used in photojournalism to express a geographical change.

If you want to learn more about editing and montage, be sure to check out our course!

Mastering Sunlight on Set: Tools for Precise Control

Mastering Sunlight on Set: Tools for Precise Control

Sunlight, with its natural brilliance and shifting angles, can be both a valuable ally and a challenge on a film set. In this blog, we will explore the essential tools filmmakers use to control sunlight and achieve the desired aesthetic in their productions.

1. Reflectors: Directing Light Where It’s Most Needed

Reflectors are versatile tools that allow filmmakers to redirect and soften sunlight. By strategically placing a reflector, you can illuminate shaded areas, eliminate unwanted shadows, or highlight specific details in a scene. Reflectors come in various shapes and materials, each with its own reflective properties.

2. Diffusers: Softening Light for a More Natural Appearance

When sunlight is too intense or casts harsh shadows, diffusers come into play. These translucent tools disperse light, creating a softer, more natural look on actors’ skin and eliminating sharp contrasts. Diffusers are available in different sizes and opacities to suit various lighting conditions.

3. Photography Umbrellas: Effective Control of Intensity

Similar to diffusers, photography umbrellas provide additional control over the intensity of sunlight. They can be used to block direct light, reduce glare, and create softer shadows. Umbrellas are especially useful when aiming to achieve cinematic portraits or capture scenes with a specific aesthetic.

4. Bounce Boards: Adding Fill Light and Highlighting Details

Bounce boards are reflective surfaces used to fill shaded areas with additional light. They can be strategically placed to highlight details in close-ups or illuminate parts of the scene that would otherwise remain in shadow. Bounce boards come in various colors and materials, each with its own reflective properties.

5. Curtains and Drapes: Controlling Light Intensity and Direction

For more precise control over the amount of light entering the set, curtains and drapes are essential. They can be partially or fully closed to adjust the intensity and direction of sunlight. Additionally, they offer an effective solution for blocking unwanted light during the filming of specific scenes.

6. ND Filters: Regulating Exposure in Bright Environments

When faced with extremely bright lighting conditions, neutral density (ND) filters are indispensable. These filters reduce the amount of light reaching the camera sensor without affecting color balance, allowing filmmakers to maintain a wider aperture and precise control over exposure.

7. Light Tents and Canopies: Creating Controlled Environments

In situations where total light control is needed, light tents and canopies are the ideal choice. These devices create a completely controlled environment, blocking direct sunlight and providing a diffused surface for achieving soft, even lighting.

8. Color Gels: Adding Specific Tones and Moods

Color gels are essential for adjusting color temperature and creating specific moods. They can be applied to both natural and artificial lights to achieve dramatic effects and match the desired visual aesthetic in the film production.

9. Timing Planning: Leveraging Ideal Light Conditions

In addition to physical tools, timing planning plays a crucial role. Utilizing golden hours at sunrise or sunset can provide soft, warm natural light that enhances the visual quality of the production.

10. Creativity and Adaptability: Keys to Success

Ultimately, mastering sunlight on a film set requires creativity and adaptability. Successful filmmakers combine intelligent use of tools with a deep understanding of how light affects the visual aesthetics of a scene, achieving exceptional cinematic results.

Conclusion: A Ballet of Light Control and Creativity

In conclusion, controlling sunlight on a film set is an intricate ballet between physical tools, technical knowledge, and creative vision. From reflectors to diffusers and beyond, each tool plays a crucial role in the pursuit of the perfect visual aesthetic. By mastering these tools, filmmakers can sculpt sunlight to tell captivating stories that come to life on the big screen. May each ray of sunlight contribute to the visual success of your film productions!

The Clapperboard on the Film Set

Clapperboard on the Film Set: Essential Element and Rules of Use

In the frenetic world of cinema, the clapperboard, or slate, is an iconic instrument that triggers the start of a shot and plays a fundamental role in the production process. In this blog, we will explore the importance of the clapperboard on the film set, what information it should include, and the basic rules for its effective use.

Importance of the Clapperboard:

  1. Sound and Image Synchronization: The clapperboard provides a visual and auditory reference point for synchronizing separately recorded sound with filmed footage. The distinctive sound of the clapper closing helps sound technicians align soundtracks perfectly.
  2. Shot and Scene Identification: The information written on the clapperboard, such as the shot number and scene number, is crucial for the efficient identification and organization of footage. It helps editors classify and sort shots during post-production.
  3. Timecode Marker: The clapperboard also includes a timecode bar, allowing editors and directors to easily identify the exact moment the shot was taken. This facilitates review and decision-making during the editing process.
  4. Visual Reference for Editors: The clapperboard provides a clear visual reference on screen, allowing editors to quickly find the start of each shot and navigate through recorded material.

Information on the Clapperboard:

  1. Shot Number: Indicates the specific number of the current shot. It starts from 1 for each new scene.
  2. Scene Number: Represents the number of the scene in the narrative. There may be multiple shots for a single scene.
  3. Film or Project Name: Ensures clear identification of the material and avoids confusion if multiple projects are being filmed in the same location.
  4. Director: The name of the director responsible for the shot.
  5. Date and Time: Records the date and time the shot was taken. It is essential for organization and tracking of production progress.

 

Basic Rules for Clapperboard Use:

  1. Before the Shot: Before closing the clapperboard, the assistant director or designated member must announce the shot number and scene number aloud for recording in the sound recording.
  2. Clear Movement: The clapperboard must be closed clearly and audibly in front of the camera. The distinctive movement and sound aid in synchronization during post-production.
  3. Audio Synchronization: The closing of the clapperboard should coincide with the sound produced by the “clap.” This ensures precise alignment between audio and image.
  4. Maintenance: The clapperboard must be kept in good condition and cleanliness. Inscriptions should be legible, and the slate and timecode bar should be in optimal condition.
  5. Collaboration with the Sound Department: The sound team and the camera team must work closely together to ensure perfect synchronization. Clear communication about shot and scene numbers is essential.

Conclusion: Setting the Cinematic Magic in Motion

On the film set, the clapperboard is not just an accessory but a key element that sets the pace of cinematic production. Its role in synchronizing, identifying, and organizing shots is invaluable. By following the basic rules for its use and ensuring it contains essential information, the clapperboard becomes a reliable partner for directors, editors, and sound teams, thereby contributing to the creation of memorable cinematic works.