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Post-production: editing.

When the Lumière Brothers first projected “Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory” on December 28, 1895, they were not aware that they had just begun a new art form, let alone the birth of an industry that would move masses, as for them it was simply a technological advancement that would remain for scientific research, and they never even thought about editing. From its inception, cinema was something entirely astonishing because at that time no one had previously seen a moving image, achieving from the beginning a global expansion, based on the simple recording and projection of fragments, known as “actualities”. However, it did not take long for filmmakers to realize the great expressive potential that cinema has, not only through different shots or special effects, but also through editing and montage. This was born at the hands of Edwin S. Porter in the year 1900, when he realized that by alternating shots of actions, he created tension and dramatization in the viewer. Thus, editing evolved until today, becoming another cinematographic phase, and one that needs to be considered from both the script and the filming process. This cinematographic phase consists of three main operations: selection, combination, and assembly; these three operations aim to achieve, from separate elements at the outset, a whole, which is the film. Editing reconstructs both the time and space of filming, providing continuity.

Stages of Editing

We talk about different stages:

  • Editor’s cut: This initial edit is longer, as it stems from the conjunction of the “rough cuts” that have been made daily.
  • Director’s cut: The editor and producer spend weeks pre-editing the film based on the first version, identifying flaws.
  • Producer’s cut: The producer has more authority than the director to approve the final version, which is why directors sometimes detach themselves from the final product.
  • Final version.

Transitions

When we edit, we use a series of transitions, each with different connotations. We can see them according to the most commonly used:

  • Cut: the first to appear. It maintains the timeline, but the term is now modernizing to signify the passage of time.
  • Fade: implies a passage of time. It’s designed to be noticed by the viewer. If the fade is longer, it plays more with the effect.
  • Wipe: based on the cutting of the frame. It eliminates what’s there and reveals what remains; at some point, both planes are visible at the same time. They were widely used in the 1960s.
  • Action Wipe: no longer in use.
  • Fade to black: disconnects sequences, establishes a sign of separation, as if it were a new paragraph. Its use in the middle of the film signifies a significant passage of time.
  • Fade to white: usually used when there’s a glare.
  • Blur: suggests a return to the past or flashback.
  • Swipe: a very long panorama often used in photojournalism to express a geographical change.

If you want to learn more about editing and montage, be sure to check out our course!

Summer Course

Summer Course

We have a special course on acting and filmmaking for this summer, and you can now sign up. Classes are held during July, either for a fortnight or for the entire month, from Monday to Thursday. 

Filmmaking Course

Throughout the course, we will offer our students various experiences to develop their talent both inside and outside the classroom, encompassing different aspects of the audiovisual world. In-class Project during the summer course, students will work on a final project. These projects will serve as opportunities for students to apply what they have learned and practiced during the classes. Each year, we propose the following projects:

  • Short film or pilot episode of a series.
  • Pilot episode of a television program.
  • Scene from different film genres.

Out-of-class Projects:

  • Script development: Each student will develop their own script for a short film or a pilot episode of a television series, applying the script writing techniques taught in class.
  • Weekly scenes or sketches: Each student will create a homemade video as practical exercises accompanying the material covered in class.

Equipment: We ensure our students the experience of using professional cameras and filming materials. Our students have access to and can firsthand use top-of-the-line equipment used on professional sets. The projects from recent courses of the students were filmed with the RED EPIC MX 5K camera, BMPCC 6K camera, and compact ZEISS CP2 professional cinema lens, among other materials.

Acting Course

In-Class Project: Throughout the course, students will have a final course project. These projects will serve for students to apply what they have learned and practiced during the classes. For this purpose, we annually propose the following projects:

  • Photoshoot (Headshots)
  • Introduction Video
  • Dramatic Scene
  • Comedy Scene

 

Projects Outside of Class:

  • CV Development
  • Weekly Scenes, for creation, rehearsal, and recording.
  • Recreation of Iconic Cinematic and Television Scenes.

Equipment: We ensure our students experience being part of a professional ensemble, working alongside their classmates from other courses and with professionals in various fields of the industry. By the end of the course, each student will have a shared showreel, which includes an introduction video and a collection of their work during the course. The main scenes from students in the last course were filmed using the BMPCC 6K camera and the ZEISS cp2 compact professional cinema lens, among other materials.

Distributions:

For both courses, the best quality materials will be used to achieve the optimal result. The students’ projects will be distributed to festivals and events, ensuring that their work receives the recognition it deserves.

Summer Course for Youth in Alicante

Summer Course for Youth in Alicante

INTRODUCTION Next, we’re going to talk to you about our summer course for young people in Alicante, conducted exclusively through practical methods with the aim of promoting audiovisual culture among young people and offering them a unique and practical opportunity to learn, educate, and understand the audiovisual product and the work it entails. ABOUT US B.Movie it is a young and innovative company, created with the aim of being part of the world of audiovisual culture and participating in the distribution and preservation of its cultural value. It is a new project that brings together a group of ambitious young filmmakers from various nationalities and backgrounds who share a passion for the seventh art and creative instincts applied in all aspects of audiovisual product creation. The production company also has an audiovisual school for young people, which has been offering courses for 3 years in different areas of the audiovisual world. It is composed of professionals licensed in different fields, with years of experience and dozens of projects completed. JUSTIFICATION WHY ARE WE DOING THIS?

  • In today’s digital age, audiovisual platforms represent an essential part of cyberculture. For this reason, we consider it necessary to adapt classical learning patterns.
  • Lack of audiovisual culture in the current context. Due to the speed at which videos reach the audience through the internet, their quality has declined, especially regarding aspects related to planning and editing.
  • Lack of dedication and adaptation to the new working methods of other audiovisual schools.

From B.Movie School, we want to teach you how to master each phase of the seventh art because we know it can be a complex task. Additionally, we believe it’s important to instil the audiovisual culture of the province of Alicante, referring to its historical, social, and cultural character. AUDIENCE WHO ARE THE COURSES AIMED AT? The summer courses are aimed at young talents between 12 and 21 years old, interested in training and understanding the perspective offered by this industry and the fields they can explore. Students do not need to have any previous knowledge or experience in the field. The only requirement is to have passion, curiosity, and a willingness to learn. Our goal is to help all our students understand the structure of teamwork and acquire a general knowledge of the various responsibilities and tasks in the audiovisual field. TIMING WHEN WILL THE COURSES BE HELD? The course will take place during the summer. From July 1st to July 31st, with the option to attend from July 1st to 15th, from July 16th to 30th, or the entire month. The first part of the course will be dedicated to the pre-production process of the short film: scriptwriting, introduction to various elements of photography, sound collection techniques, location selection, artistic conditions, and countless other aspects related to the planning of the short film that will be carried out as the final project. In the second half, the fiction or documentary short film will be recorded and edited, and this final project will be supervised by tutors and teaching professionals throughout the process. METHODOLOGY We offer a working and educational method based on the Learning-by-doing philosophy. The aim is to foster the student’s competencies, develop their creative capacity, and stimulate problem-solving skills. From the very beginning, practical activities are carried out, helping students take the first step into the audiovisual world while learning from themselves throughout the process. We focus all courses on specific projects. This way, we present a continuous learning program where students see their work and learning reflected and realized. Classes will be taught in both English and Spanish, providing a unique opportunity to practice the language while learning and enjoying the experience. CONTENT WHAT WILL WE TEACH IN THE COURSES?

  • Participating in the creation process of a fiction short film. Learning about the different technical materials necessary for shooting.
  • Functions and uses of the camera. Settings, lenses, and filters.
  • Cinematic language.
  • Planning the recording process of a fiction short film.
  • Learning about different cinematographic lighting techniques. Materials and techniques necessary for using light as a specific narrative element. Lighting triangle.
  • Learning to direct a short film by understanding the techniques necessary for directing actors.
  • Development of technical and literary script for a fiction work. Designing the story, plots, subtexts, and character traits.
  • Composition of the shot. Framing the image proportion we want to capture. Rule of thirds.
  • Artistic considerations: Props, sets, costumes, makeup, etc.
  • Learning to use different editing and montage programs, with emphasis on Adobe Premiere Pro and After Effects.
  • Complete shooting of a fiction short film participating in the pre-production, production, and post-production phases.

ACTIVITIES: WHAT WILL WE LEARN?

  • Script:
    • Finding a good idea and learning how to turn it into a script.
    • Knowing the most useful tools for writing.
    • Learning to structure the plot to make sense of the story.
    • Developing characters, dialogues, subtexts, and story objectives.
  • Production breakdown:
  • Camera use:
    • Learning to use the camera and its accessories to achieve the desired shot and the necessary communicative intention in our video.
    • Knowing parameters and settings and using them to achieve a specific image.
  • Lighting techniques:
    • Controlling different lighting accessories and tools.
    • Learning to use light as a narrative element to achieve a specific effect and communicative intention.
  • Planning:
    • Scene design and shooting order.
    • Knowing the different types of static or moving shots and learning to use them according to the video’s needs.
  • Audiovisual language:
    • Understanding audiovisual language and its narrative elements.
    • Why things happen and how they happen within the script.
  • Directing actors:
    • Useful elements for conveying information to actors.
    • Techniques to help the actor get into character better and understand the character from the director’s instructions.
  • Artistic aspects:
    • Costume, makeup, sets, and props.
    • Learning to select artistic elements that best fit the narrative of our short film.
  • Filming a fiction short film. The final result becomes an ideal element to complete the students’ curriculum with a professional product.
  • Editing and final project
  • Transitions and effects in Premiere Pro. Using special commands to give our editing different visual effects.
  • Working with sound programs:
    • Synchronization with the image.
    • Cleaning, tone, and clarity.
  • Learning to colorize in editing programs.

FINAL PROJECT As a final project, students will have the opportunity to participate in the development process of a fiction short film. They will be involved in all stages of pre-production, production, and post-production, allowing each student to see their work and acquired knowledge reflected in a completely professional final project. RESOURCES At B.Movie School, all professional materials we use on a daily basis will be made available to students. This is a great learning opportunity as students can firsthand learn what is used and how it is used in the audiovisual industry. Additionally, the faculty, all highly qualified and experienced in the field, should be mentioned. Follow us on our social media: Facebook  Instagram tik tok

The role of music in audio post-production

The role of music in audio post-production

The role of music in audio post-production can play a very important role in film, almost as much as acting in front of the camera or shooting scenes. It allows the viewer to feel emotions that images and words alone may not always achieve. Furthermore, through post-production, voice and sounds can be modified by modulating them, making them louder or softer, giving them a specific effect to create sensations for the viewer (for example, being underwater, hearing the sound of a room while the camera is focused on another, etc.). All professional recording software offers audio editing functions. What does editing do? Audio editing is a tool that allows audio to be manipulated in many ways. Some may wonder, what is the use of editing audio? One of the common scenarios in post-production is when the execution of several instruments is off time. Since many people starting to record do not have professional session musicians, sometimes musicians who do not do session work are not used to playing with a metronome, so their performances may be off time. This is where the editing process comes in. Editing allows you to cut, move, paste, etc. audio tracks so that they are in time with the other instruments, so that in the end, everything sounds sonically professional. Another advantage offered by editing is:

  • Remove undesirable sounds or silent spaces in a recording, as well as isolate short sections of audio for corrective or creative processes.
  • Create rhythmic loops from a small audio section.
  • Use the same audio section more than once in the same project, perhaps to change the arrangement.
  • Adjust the duration of a sound to fit in a specific space.
  • Change the structure of the song after it was recorded, for example, remove a verse, shorten the introduction, duplicate the chorus, etc.
  • Compile the best parts of different performances of the same material.
  • Create interesting or unusual creative effects.
  • Although this process can be a bit tiresome and tedious at times, it is very important to dedicate the necessary time to it; if not considered, the final product may sound very amateurish.

Audio Mixing

Once you have edited the tracks and have the final performance sounding like a song, you then move on to the mixing process. What is mixing? Audio mixing has an entire profession behind it. These audio engineers are called mix engineers. They are responsible for creating a balanced and unified song that will be subsequently handed over to a mastering engineer. (I will go into detail in the next point.) The mixing process is the combination of audio tracks and adjusting them in the stereo field position, while controlling the frequency content and dynamics of the sound through equalization and compression. It also includes the application of creative effects such as Reverb, Delays, etc., which provide the audience with a better and more enjoyable experience when listening to music. The fact that there is an entire career behind mixing music does not mean that only people who study it can do it. Most audio engineers know how to record and mix music. The only difference that a dedicated mixing engineer brings is: a pair of fresh ears and their creative talent. It is important to note that some people are more creative than others, so these engineers provide a new experience to your song. Nevertheless, it is very important to know how to mix audio, because if you send a session to a mixing engineer that has been previously mixed by you, he will rely on your mix to give the song a certain direction, and then he will determine what elements to add to improve it. Some good programs to use are Adobe Audition, Audacity, or Apowersoft.

Audacity

Imagen Audacity


Adobe Audition

Programa Adobe Audition


Apowersoft

Programa grabación de pantalla Apowersoft

Audio Mastering

Mastering audio is the final process where your stereo mixes are committed to the final delivery medium, which can be a CD ready for duplication, properly encoded audio files, or any other format. In any case, it is the job of the mastering engineer to ensure that the music is equalized and processed in such a way that the mix translates to the widest range of audio playback systems. Mastering requires a lot of experience and hours of practice, so if you are going to mix and master your product, be careful when doing so because, as I mentioned earlier, if mastering is not done well, it can destroy a good mix.

Why Master?

There are numerous reasons to master your audio. Long and tiring mixing sessions mean that some details may go unnoticed. Many mixing rooms do not have the benefit of large-format monitors with high resolution in acoustically treated rooms. This means that there may be sonic inaccuracies that need correction before release. The mastering engineer will be an expert in working with stereo audio files and will have a palate of tools and listening finesse that will add greater value to the song.

Common Mistakes in Mastering

You have to be very careful with mastering because if it is not executed well, it can completely destroy a good mix. Many people sometimes make the mistake of thinking that because they know how to mix, they can also master. This is a complete and resounding NO. Mastering is an art in itself; it requires a different set of skills more geared towards an overall vision of the song. What is NOT Mastering?

  • Mastering is not putting a limit at the end of our Master Fader and turning up the volume until it reaches commercial levels. Although this is part of the mastering process, many people confuse it with being the only required step.
  • Mastering will never be able to make a bad mix sound good. It simply cannot. Perhaps it can improve it a bit, but a bad mix will always be a bad mix.
  • Mastering is not adjusting the frequency balance of certain instruments in the mix; on the contrary, mastering deals with a frequency balance of the entire song.

This stage of post-production, like the previous two, is extremely important to have a final product that sounds of professional quality. As you become more involved in the entire music production process, you will realize that you may prefer one stage over another. It is important to ensure that the time invested in each stage is done with the same care as the others; otherwise, the final product will lack professionalism. If you feel overwhelmed by the entire package, consider collaborating with others; this is where the magic begins. References: https://www.audioproduccion.com/la-post-produccion-musical/ 

SUMMER COURSES AT BMOVIE

Cursos de cine en el verano alicantino

No pierdas tu plaza y apúntate en nuestra escuela para pasar un verano lleno de historias y aprendizaje

At BMovie, we have the best plan for you to have a MOVIE-like summer.
Summer is approaching and we already have the schedule ready!
In our summer course, you can choose from 3 exciting options:
1. On-Camera Acting, where you will learn to act through practical exercises to help you reach your potential with any script in front of a camera.
2. Filmmaking, where you can bring YOUR idea to life by writing a script and putting it into practice. We will teach you how to translate a written story into the audiovisual realm, covering all its aspects, including scriptwriting, production, direction, cinematography, art, costume, and sound.
3. Editing and Montage, where you will get to know and learn to use fascinating programs like Adobe Premiere Pro and After Effects.
You will delve into the world of post-production by editing various projects (including the short film that will be made in groups at the end of the summer!)

Sign up for these courses on a biweekly basis (the first two weeks of July and the first two weeks of August) or, if you prefer, on a monthly basis (the entire month of July).

You can find more information about the summer courses by clicking on this link.